Saturday, January 07, 2006

DAILY MITZVAH (Maimonides): Sunday, January 8, 2006


Tevet 8, 5766 * January 8, 2006

D A I L Y M I T Z V A H (M A I M O N I D E S )

Today's Mitzvot (Day 128 of 339):

Negative Mitzvot 133, 134

Introduction to Mitzvot 133-137:

The Priests who serve in the Beit HaMikdash are entitled to
special portions of food which are given to them by the people.

HaShem declared that they deserve these presents because they spend
many of their days in the Beit Hamikdash, devoting their time to
represent the people before HaShem, while fulfilling their holy tasks.

One of the presents granted to the priests is "Terumah" which is
a portion of every Jew's harvest and agriculture products (see
Positive Mitzvah 126).

The priests support themselves and their families with these portions.

The portions given to the priests are considered special and may
be eaten only in a specific manner. The following Mitzvot teach us
who may not eat from the priests portions.


Negative Mitzvah 133: A person who is not a Priest is forbidden
to eat "Terumah"

-Leviticus 22:10 "No common man shall eat of the holy [food]"

The words "holy food" mean the Terumah and this Negative Mitzvah
tells us that any person who is not a priest may not eat "Terumah."


Negative Mitzvah 134: A hired servant in a Priest's household may not
eat "Terumah"

-Leviticus 22:10 "A tenant of the priest or a hired servant may not
eat of the holy [food]"

A Priest may have hired a person to work for him on a long or short
term basis, or he may have rented out a room in his house to an
individual or family.

This Negative Mitzvah cautions us that even though these people live
in his house, they are still forbidden to eat from the Terumah.


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