Monday, January 02, 2006

DAILY MITZVAH (Maimonides): Tuesday, January 3, 2006


Tevet 3, 5766 * January 3, 2006

D A I L Y M I T Z V A H (M A I M O N I D E S )

Today's Mitzvot (Day 123 of 339):

Positive Mitzvah 121; Negative Mitzvah 211; Positive Mitzvah 123;
Negative Mitzvah 212

Positive Mitzvah 121: Leaving Fallen Stalks while Reaping

-Leviticus 23:22 "Nor shall you gather any gleanings of your
harvest..., you shall leave them to the
poor and to the stranger"

Another way for the farmer to provide the poor people with their
share in the field is to leave fallen stalks.

As the produce is reaped, individual stalks often fall to the ground.

The Torah commands us to leave them on the ground so the poor can
collect them afterwards (see Negative Mitzvah 211).


Negative Mitzvah 211: It is forbidden to gather stalks that have
fallen during harvesting

-Leviticus 23:22. "Neither shall you gather any gleanings of your

When the farmer collects his crops, he ties sheaves of stalks
together into bundles.

This makes it easier for him to gather the crop afterwards.

All he has to do is collect the bundles.

While he is collecting the stalks, one or two may fall out of his
hand or the container, before he ties them into bundles.

The Torah forbids him to pick up those fallen stalks. They are
left for the needy to come and collect.


Positive Mitzvah 123: Leaving Defective Grape Clusters in the Vineyard

-Leviticus 19:10 "And you shall not glean your vineyard,... you shall
leave them for the poor and for the stranger"

A Jew must think about the needy not only in his field, but also
in his vineyard.

As he is picking his clusters of ripened grapes, he must look out
for those clusters of grapes that are not attached to a central
stem or do not have the grapes lying one upon the other.

HaShem commands him to leave those clusters for the poor (see Negative
Mitzvah 212).


Negative Mitzvah 212: It is forbidden to pick "Ollelot" in the

-Leviticus 19:10 "And you shall not glean your vineyard"

This Mitzvah of "Tzedakah" applies also to vineyards (not just
fields - see above).

While picking the fruit, we must look out for those clusters that
do not have the grapes attached to a central stem. We should also
notice those clusters that do not have grapes lying on one

These bundles are called "Ollelot".

It is forbidden to pick Ollelot. They must be left for the needy
people who may come and collect them.


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