Tuesday, January 03, 2006

DAILY MITZVAH (Maimonides): Wednesday, January 4, 2006


Tevet 4, 5766 * January 4, 2006

D A I L Y M I T Z V A H (M A I M O N I D E S )

Today's Mitzvot (Day 124 of 339):

Positive Mitzvah 124; Negative Mitzvah 213; Positive Mitzvah 122;
Negative Mitzvah 214

Positive Mitzvah 124: Leaving Individual Fallen Grapes in the Vineyard

-Leviticus 19:10 "Neither shall you gather the single grapes of your
vineyard, you shall leave them for the poor and for
the stranger"

While picking the produce in his vineyard, it is likely that some
grapes may fall.

The Torah commands us to leave those individual fallen grapes so
the poor people may collect them for themselves (see Negative Mitzvah


Negative Mitzvah 213: It is forbidden to gather individual fallen

-Leviticus 19:10 "Neither shall you gather the single grapes of
your vineyard"

While picking the clusters of grapes from the vines some
individual grapes may fall off.

We are not allowed to pick these grapes up, but rather, we must
leave them for the needy.


Positive Mitzvah 122: Leaving a Forgotten Sheaf while Reaping

-Deuteronomy 24:19 "If you have forgotten a sheaf in the field, you
shall not go back to fetch it, it shall be for
the stranger, for the fatherless and for the widow"

Even after the reaping in the field has been concluded, there is
still another opportunity for the farmer to supply the poor man
with his needs.

The produce, which by now has been piled in bundles, must be

If a bundle is forgotten, the farmer may not go back to collect it.
It must be left in the field for the needy people (see Negative
Mitzvah 214).


Negative Mitzvah 214: It is forbidden to collect a forgotten
"Omer" of grain in the field

-Deuteronomy 24:19 "(When you reap your harvest in your field) and
you have forgotten a sheaf in the field, you
shall not go back to get it"

When we reap our harvest and forget an "omer", which is a sheaf
of grain, we may not go back to fetch it. We must leave it for
the needy.


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